Survey of Animation, Flipbook, The Fleischer Brothers, Pop
The Fleischer Brothers
Max and Dave Fleischer were the founders of Fleisher Studios in 1921, primarily named “Out of The Inkwell Films.” Together they created cartoons such as Koko the Clown, Bimbo the Dog, and Betty Boop. Max began working on animation in 1915, being fascinated by early attempts at animation, knowing he could improve the jerky motion of cartoons back then. Dave began working as a film cutter for an American branch of Pathé, a French film company, around 1914.
Max patented the Rotoschope, a machine used to trace over film to create a more smooth animation for cartoons, to make his cartoons seem to come to life. With Dave being filmed, Max rotoscoped the film of Dave dancing and acting in a clown suit to create their first rotoscoped character, Koko the Clown. With this life like movement, this revolutionized animation forever.
Out of the Inkwell Films had officially became Fleischer Studios in 1929, the time of the Great Depression were people went to movie houses to escape the reality of the real world. During this time, the cartoon Betty Boop was debuted along with sound and music by artists such as Cab Calloway and Louis Armstrong. Then later, the studio got license to animate the famous comic strip Popeye the Sailor, which was the most popular series the studio produced, this success rivaled even Walt Disney’s Mickey Mouse cartoons.
The success of the rotoscope was a major piece of equipment needed to make cartoons better than they were before. Without this, cartoons today may have been differently made, or another cartoonist may have developed the same technique.
For my flipbook, it used a form of rotoscoping, by using a light and layering the previous image I drew under the next layer to draw. By using this, my flipbook flows smoothly while its flipping through the frames.